Wednesday, February 2, 2011

Phyllodes Tumor

Overview of breast cancer: Phyllodes tumor Phyllodes is a very rare type of breast cancer, which can be benign (harmless) or malignant (cancer). This type of cancer is called a "sarcoma", because it occurs in connective tissue (stroma) of your breast, rather than in epithelium (coating of ducts and lobes). Phyllodes tumor take their name from the Greek word phullon (leaf) because of their growth model in the shape of a leaf. Phyllodes tumor is a rare cancer diagnosis: Phyllodes for less than 1% of all breast cancers. Although the tumor may be benign, it is still considered a type of breast cancer, because it has the potential to become malignant. tumor phylloides cystosarcoma phyllodes, PT, phylloides, cystosarcoma and sometimes called "fibroadenomas giant" signs and symptoms of breast cancer: Phyllodes tumor to Phyllodes feel a lump (not spiky) stationary, bumpy, on one side smooth in your breast tissue. Skin cancer above breast can become red and warm to the touch. This type of breast cancer is growing very quickly, so that the nodule can become bigger in a couple of weeks. Since a tumour may resemble a Phyllodes fibroadenoma, these two terms are often exchanged for another. Most women are diagnosed with cancer are usually Phyllodes pre-menopausal. In very rare cases, teenage girls may be diagnosed with breast cancer. Tests used to diagnose Phyllodes tumor: on a mammogram, Phyllodes tumor will have a well-defined edge. A mammogram or a breast ultrasound, however, possible to distinguish clearly between benign Phyllodes fibroadenomas and cancer or malignant. This type of breast cancer is usually found near microcalcifications. Cells from a needle biopsy can be tested in the laboratory, but rarely give a clear diagnosis, because the cells may resemble carcinomas and fibroadenomas. An open surgical biopsy, which translates into a piece of fabric, will provide a better example of cells and will result in a proper diagnosis for Phyllodes tumor. Breast MRIs assist surgeons in the removal of tumours Phyllodes: An Italian Study compared mammograms, ultrasounds and MRIs Phyllodes tumor of the breast has reported that MRIs gave the more accurate picture of these tumors and helped surgeons to plan their operations. Although the tumor was close enough to the muscles of the chest wall, breast MRI could give a better image than Phyllodes tumor at a mammogram or ultrasound.Most breast cancers are classified as stages 1 to 4, but that is not the case with the Phyllodes tumor. After a surgical biopsy, the pathologist will study the cells under a microscope. Are considered two features: the rate at which cells are dividing and the number of cells with irregular shapes of the sample of tissue. Depending on how the cells meet these criteria, the tumor is classed as borderline (harmless), benign or malignant (cancer). The most benign Phyllodes tumour reveal. The prognosis for Phyllodes tumor: prognosis or outlook after the treatment, is very good for a benign Phyllodes tumor. There is a low likelihood of recurrence of a tumor Phyllodes, if you are 45 or older. For patients with diagnosis of malignant tumours or borderline, to vary the prognosis. Borderline tumors have the potential to become cancerous, and even after surgery, if some cells remain (although in rare cases) they will metastasize. Malignant tumours can recur even two years after treatment and may spread to the bones, lungs, liver and chest wall. In some cases, the lymph nodes involved as well.Phyllodes tumor treatments: surgery to remove a tumor is the standard treatment Phyllodes. This type of cancer does not respond well to radiation, chemotherapy or hormonal therapy. If the tumour is benign, a relatively small and can be removed with a Lumpectomy. Large benign tumors may require a mastectomy, so as to remove the tumor is a clean margin of breast tissue. Malignant tumors are removed with a wide local excision (WLE) or mastectomy to remove most of the affected tissues as possible.

American Cancer Society. What is breast cancer? Invasive ductal Carcinoma (or infiltrating). Revision: 09/13/2007.

Ann Ital Chir. 2005: Mar-Apr; 76 (2): 127-41. Surgical treatment and MRI in breast cancer: phyllodes our experience and review of the literature. Franceschini G, D'ugo D, F, R, Palumbo Masetti, d'Alba PF, Mul?, Costantini M, Beautiful, P, Picciocchi a.

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